Project Checklist & Timeline for Non-Publishers

Use this printable checklist, scheduler, and glossary to plan your publishing project and keep it on track. Includes information onTweet this quote.

  • how long the various stages take:
    • manuscript development, copy editing, securing visuals, getting permissions, layout and proofreading (and more)
  • what is done at each stage
  • links to instant calculators and more detailed descriptions/ standards

Click the image to download a printable PDF version.screen capture of the checklist header and glossary

 

StepsExplanation

 

This. Do you see this sample production schedule from The Chicago Manual of Style? They give a single line entry to my entire profession. And what is with the “five days”!? How did this get past the editors working on the guide? Obviously this was written by a production person. I write their line as “production — 10 days.” So there.

sample production schedule from the Chicago Manual of Style

Sample production schedule from The Chicago Manual of Style.

When working as a developmental editor, I’m often focussed on a single title for six months. Not. Five. Days. Even a copyedit of a book-length work takes more than five days. It’s more like two weeks, min.

Steps in the Publishing Process

  1. product profile
  2. marketing plan
  3. outline
  4. draft manuscript
  5. revise
  6. visuals research
  7. permissions
  8. peer review/ field test
  9. developmental edit
  10. visuals selection
  11. copyedit
  12. layout
  13. proofread
  14. indexing
  15. printing / upload
  16. distribution
  17. launch party


Explanation of the Steps in the Publishing Process

update: also see the best practices for digital workflow

Product Profile

Jot notes or write it out long form as you brainstorm with your team. The product profile needs to define

  • length
  • audience: tone, reading level, purpose
  • design features
  • criteria to be met (such as learning objectives)
  • medium/ platform (printed book, ebook, slide presentation, interactive quiz, etc.)
  • budget / market
  • timeline

*All of these considerations affect cost. Sometimes sales price is the starting point for all future decisions. If the product you envision can only recover costs if sold for $80 a piece, you might have to rethink its marketability.

 

Marketing & Distribution Plan

This goes into consideration now because

  • you need to figure out your expectations and how to achieve your goals
  • it can take a long time to put plans in place
  • it may make you rethink aspects of the product profile

 

Outline

Non-fiction works especially need an outline. And products especially need an outline if you have to work to

  • a strict word count — which affects page count, which in turn affects costs and ultimately the sale price
  • design constraints — such as features, chapter lengths, number of words that will fit on each page

Five steps to effective outlining are written up in another post.

 

Draft

Whether blog the first draft, speak it, or systematically flesh out the outline doesn’t matter. Just get it down.

 

Revise

Some writers say this is when the real work begins. Certainly, there have been times when we have had to wrestle a 50 page draft into a 12 page slot. And other times we’ve found that what came out of the drafting process was excellent but nothing like the outline, and a rethinking of the product profile was required.

You might do the revising yourself after putting the manuscript aside for several weeks. Or you might workshop the piece with your writing group or use beta readers. Your boss may be involved. It’s best to use people who can be dispassionate in giving advice. Family members are usually not right for the job. Whoever you pick, make sure they understand the purpose and market and will give you the straight feedback that you need.

Developmental editors take on this role in the publishing process. Part writing coach, part beta reader, and all publishing pro, the DE tackles concerns over structure, flow, organization, content, and perhaps style. They ask: “Does this meet the criteria set out in the product profile?” Then they make suggestions and work with the author(s) to achieve the goals.

This is my specialty. In market-driven publishing ventures, the DE is usually involved from step one (the idea stage) and writers are hired to produce content. That is called “work for hire.” That is how I prefer to work, being involved from stage one. It saves a lot of money down the road, because the time to rework structure is lengthy. And time is money.

 

— The next four or five steps can happen in a variety of orders, depending on circumstances. —

 

Visuals Research

Time: 3–12 weeks, min. Regardless of the number of images.

Tracking down images can take a long time. This includes all visuals: graphs, photographs, diagrams, or illustrations you will need to have created.

You need to find the right images, and ones that you can afford. Sometimes we find that the visual we imagined is unavailable or impossible and we need to rework that section of manuscript to work with images that are available.

There are consultants who specialize in this step. They know how to track down vendors and rights holders and they know the ins and outs of negotiating rights.

 

Permissions

Time: 6 months

Citing the source of what you quote or use is not enough. You need to get permission in writing. It can easily take six months to track down rights holders and negotiate permission to use their words or visuals in your book, even if they don’t charge you to do so. Start this process as early as possible. Payments are not made until the product is finalized, so it’s okay if you’re not yet certain that a visual will be used.

In fact, the rights holder might reject your request and you will need the time to find a suitable replacement.

There are consultants who specialize in this step. They know how to track down rights holders and know the ins and outs of copyright and negotiations as well as typical market prices for rights.

 

Peer Review / Field Testing

Time: 2 weeks

Sending your tidied manuscript out for a critical market opinion is invaluable. On the one hand, you get feedback from your target audience, a second set of eyes on your facts (though this is not fact checking) and insight into whether the product has achieved its goals.

On the other hand, you get an early version of your product out into the market. Since you target / hand pick these readers (or testers, as the case may be) you know that you’re making the movers and shakers, the influencers in your field/ market aware of your forthcoming work. Ideally, this starts creating some market buzz.

Bottom line, people. Bottom, line. If it doesn’t do what it’s supposed to, or isn’t going to make the sales you need to cover its costs, I suggest some serious rethinking. Take whatever time you need.

The time required reflects both how long your reviewers will need to read the manuscript and how long they will need to fit this task into their busy schedules. In some fields it is customary to review peers’ work as a collegial favour; in others a token payment of a couple hundred dollars is customary. Sometimes a token gift is offered, such as a gift certificate for coffee.

This step should include compliance vetting for legal and accessibility concerns. It may be part of the developmental editor’s work or come before it. Field testing of the “beta product” may also occur and is a necessity in some fields.

 

Developmental Edit

Time: about 750 words per hour for straight narrative

RAPB404This is the big picture, get-your-hands-really-dirty kind of editing. The developmental editor (DE) works closely with the writer (or team) to work out any structural issues and incorporate suggestions from reviewers/ field testing. In some scenarios they also work out the schedule of deliverables, liaise with the copy editor and design team, and work on visuals selection as well as other project-management-like tasks. They might also coordinate with a production editor to handle the design, proofreading and other end-product details.

Time varies a lot for DE work. Slides, apps, and products with a lot of visuals (especially graphs and diagrams) do not translate well to a words/hour equation. If there are learning outcomes to match or the writing is very rough, that further slows down the process.

Editing is faster when material is well written and organized, done by a single author, has familiar content, and no references, cross-references, tables, or figures. Get a time estimate from your editor based on the product profile and sample chapters.

This checklist will help you find an editor who is a good fit for your project.

 

Visuals Selection

Time: 5 minutes per image

You or your DE might do this stage, depending on your preference (and budget). Considerations include content of the image, the cost of securing rights, and the fit for the design, including colour and other aesthetics.

If graphs, diagrams, and infographics are part of the visuals, editing these will be necessary. It is harder to estimate how long these will take to edit because there are just so many variables and so few words.

Cover art may be included in this phase, or it may occur during the layout and proofreading stage.

 

Copy Edit

Time: about 1,300 words per hour for straight narrative

Sometimes called line editing, this stage of editing addresses consistency, word use, language/reading level, and style. Captions will be adjusted or drafted based on photos.

Copy fitting may occur at this stage, with the goal of having the best fit possible when it goes to layout. It’s common to have to tweak some page overruns after the initial layout.

Slides, interactives such as apps and worksheets, and products with a lot of visuals do not translate well to a words/hour equation. Working within special software (such as a CMS) rather than a word processor further slows down this process. Editing is faster when there are few errors, the content is nontechnical or familiar, there are no references, cross-references, tables or figures, and when working onscreen.

Get a time estimate from your editor based on the product profile and a written sample from the project.

This checklist will help you find an editor who is a good fit for your project.

 

Layout

Time: varies enormously by product design and length, ask for an estimate during the design phase

Finally, you will see your words and images as you envisioned them back during the product profile stage. Cover art may be created during this phase.

*The copy editor may be involved again after the very first layout, in order to deal with copy fitting. It’s common to have to tweak some page overruns after the initial layout; deleting words here and there so they all fit in the allotted space. You could handle this yourself, but a pro might do it much faster since they know tricks and requirements, and (especially if they did the previous copy editing phase) they appreciate the repercussions of certain cuts and moves.

 

Proofread

Time: about 2,500 words per hour for straight narrative

The laid-out document is checked for completeness, accurate application of the design, and any lingering errors. This is the final quality control step.

Apps and products with a lot of visuals do not translate well to a words/hour equation. There are many other factors that make this process faster or slower. Pace speeds up when there are few errors, format is simple, content is nontechnical or familiar, no style queries are required, there is no other markup, and there are no equations, symbols, or foreign characters.

Ask your proofreader about timing since she will have to fit your project into her existing workflow. Some design houses have in-house proofreaders.

*A second proofread is required if there are many changes requested from the author or proofreader at this stage. It’s a quality control step, to make sure that changes were input correctly and without introducing any new errors.

This checklist will help you find an editor who is a good fit for your project.

 

Indexing

Time: 4 pages/hr

This can only happen once pages are finalized. It could happen at the same times as the proofreading.

Indexing speeds up when the material is not very factually dense and contains few names or places. Pace also depends on whether you want a very detailed index or a very light one.

This is considered a specialty in editing. Pros follow a specific set of principles and use indexing software for efficiency and accuracy. Authors may also write the index as publishers may expect the author to provide the index as part of their contract.

 

Printing / Uploading

Time: 1 to 4 weeks — Confirm the time required with your supplier.

Make it so. There are consultants who specialize in this process. Usually they work with the designer to ensure a smooth transition. Small snags at this point are common; an experienced pro can lessen the pain.

Digital, local, small-run printing should be given at least three days. Even digital uploads can take a week or two to clear the supplier’s quality checks and become available for download.

Large print runs, off-set printing, binding and cover requirements, and anything requiring shipping time needs a buffer of four weeks, minimum.

 

 

Distribution

Yay! It’s really a book. Refer to your marketing plan and get it out there!

 

confetti storm animationLaunch Party

Cue the confetti cannon! Seriously, take the time to appreciate your accomplishment. At the very least, call your editor and your mom; they know what this means to you.

 

 

For a detailed description of everything an editor checks at each step, read the Editors’ Association of Canada’s Professional Editorial Standards.

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